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Currently, there have been no reported cases of WNV being spread directly from live or dead birds to the general public. However, dead birds can carry a variety of other diseases and should never be handled with bare hands. Use gloves or use the inverted plastic bag method to handle the birds, and place the bird in the outdoor trash.
County and state health workers monitor mosquitoes for mosquito-borne viruses. Mosquito surveillance involves trapping mosquitoes, counting them, identifying which species are present, and testing appropriate species for viruses.
These surveillance methods are used to target areas where mosquito control efforts are needed. Detection and control of mosquito breeding sites depends upon integrated efforts among state, county, and tribal agencies as well as private citizens.