Mental Health and Substance Use Data
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Fatal Overdose Data
MCDPH tracks fatal overdoses using two data sources. The fatal overdose charts below rely on these two data sources, which are indicated in each chart:
- Vital statistics data using death certificates for Maricopa County residents.
- Deaths in Maricopa County which are potentially due to unnatural causes are investigated by the Maricopa County Office of the Medical Examiner (OME) and postmortem examinations and laboratory testing is performed. MCDPH uses OME toxicology data for monitoring drug-related deaths that occurred within Maricopa County.
Please note that that any fatal overdose statistics using 2022 toxicology data from the OME are still provisional. Data are subject to change once finalized.
July is typically the hottest month in Maricopa County. Because stimulants such as cocaine and methamphetamines can induce hyperthermia (i.e., overheating), we have been seeing an increase in fatal overdoses during the month of July.
Overdose Data by Demographics
Demographics show differences in who experiences fatal drug overdoses.
Overdose Data by Substance
We can also examine the data by looking more closely at the substances involved.
While total overdoses are increasing, opioids are involved in a majority of fatal drug overdoses.
Natural/semi-synthetic opioids include drugs such as:
Synthetic opioids include drugs such as:
Commonly-prescribed opioids would include:
- Hydrocodone (Vicodin®)
- Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percocet®)
- Oxymorphone (Opana®)
- Morphine (Kadian®, Avinza®)
Suicide death data are compiled using death certificate data for Maricopa County residents. Deaths due to suicide are identified using International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision underlying cause-of-death codes U03, X60–X84, and Y87.0.
All rates are presented per 100,000 residents using population data from the American Community Survey 5-year estimates.
The suicide death rate in Maricopa County, AZ tends to be slightly higher than the national suicide death rate. While the chart below presents crude rates, the age-adjusted suicide death rate in 2022 for Maricopa County was 17.0, while the provisional age-adjusted national suicide death rate was 14.3 per 100,000 individuals1.
Suicide Death Data by Demographics
Age-specific suicide death rates fluctuate year-to-year. 2022 suicide death rates were highest among those ages 45-64, followed closely by those 65+.
Suicide deaths among non-Hispanic Whites skew older than for non-Whites. The median age for non-Hispanic Whites who died by suicide was 54. In comparison, the median age for American Indian or Alaskan Native decedents was 30.5, for Black or African American decedents it was 29, for Hispanic or Latino decedents it was 34, and for Asian or Pacific Islander decedents it was 46.5.
Suicide Death Data by Mechanism
Firearms were used in most suicide deaths between 2018-2022. However, the mechanism of suicide death can vary by population demographic. Youth suicides, for example, have a higher proportion of deaths by hanging compared to adults. And although firearms are the most common suicide mechanism for both men and women, poisonings are more common among women.
Suicide Death Data by Veteran Status
Nonfatal Overdose Report
In March 2021, MCDPH began case investigations of suspected nonfatal opioid overdoses reported by Maricopa County hospital facilities. Staff attempt telephone interviews with a sample of case-patients to better interpret the findings and to specifically help inform overdose prevention interventions for people who use drugs.
Among approximately 300 case-patients interviewed during the period from 9/1/21through 8/31/22, more than 55% (179 individuals) self-reported recreational drug use. View report findings.
- 2023 Assessment of Service Needs of People Who Use Drugs in Maricopa County
- 2023 Substance Use Provider Needs Assessment Final Report
- Monthly Reports Opens a New Window.
- Statewide Data: Interactive Dashboard Opens a New Window.
- State Rankings - Mental Health America
- Suicide Rates Map (CDC)
A new interactive data platform is coming soon. Do you need additional opioid-related data sooner? Submit a data request.