Bed Bugs - English

Bed Bugs are reddish-brown, flattened, oval, and wingless, with microscopic hairs that help to give them a banded look. Adults grow to be approximately 4-5 millimeters in length and cannot move quick enough to escape human observation.


Bed Bugs generally feed at night. They are attracted by warmth and carbon dioxide. They then pierce the skin with two tubes. One tube injects saliva, while the other withdraws blood. Bed bugs are not known to transmit any infectious agents.


Bed Bugs are very flat and are therefore able to hide in many areas. They prefer to remain hidden in mattress seams, bed frames, box springs, drawers inside bedside tables, behind headboards, in cracks of floorboards, behind peeled wallpaper, in picture frames, in couches, stuffed chairs, seams of curtains, and even clothing. Just about any place, usually close to the floor, or bed. There are many places where they can hide.

What to Look for When Conducting an Inspection

  • Peel back bed-sheets and check the mattresses. Check the mattress tag-they are known to hide in this area. A group of Bed Bugs may be found in the seams, usually surrounded by black fecal matter and/or reddish-brown stains.
  • Remove the headboard. Look for tiny black spots (excrement) that is smaller in size than poppy seeds. Look for live bugs at this time.
  • Check the bedside table. Open the drawers and look for evidence of insects. Also, look along the wall behind the table because this area is generally overlooked by cleaning staff.
  • Check baseboards
  • Check carpet and wall meeting areas.
  • Behind switch plates and outlet covers.

Fumigation & Pest Control

Fumigation and integrated pest control is needed to rid an area of an infestation. Contact licensed pest control for more thorough treatment. Maricopa County Environmental Services Department (MCESD) responds to citizens of Maricopa County who reside in rental properties or apartments that file complaints regarding bedbug problems. Once a complaint is filed, MCESD contacts the property owner or management via certified mail requesting pest control logs, and allows 10 days for the business to respond with the requested information.

After reviewing the records, a compliance inspection of the area may be conducted if the inspector deems it necessary. If no pest control records are received then the inspector will contact the property owner or management for the records. This contact may be in person, phone or certified mail service.

If the records indicate that management is aware of the issue and are pursuing the issue in accordance with the Maricopa County Environmental Health Code (MCEHC), then the complaint will be closed out. If the record review or inspection finds that the property is not in compliance, then MCESD may pursue legal action against the property owner to get the property into compliance.